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Sérgio Ávila

Sérgio P. Ávila graduated in Biology in 1995, completed a MSc in Insular Ecology and Evolution in 2001, and a PhD degree in Biology/Palaeontology in 2005 by the University of the Azores.

In 2005, I established my research group (MPB-Marine PalaeoBiogeography) and since then, we have been studying the patterns and processes of dispersal, colonization and speciation of shallow-water marine invertebrates in oceanic islands. My team has expertise on marine molluscs, echinoderms, crustacean barnacles, ostracods, bryozoans and coralline algae forming rhodoliths. Our main interests are the geological evolution of the NE-Atlantic islands, and the palaeontology, palaeoecology and palaeobiogeography of Neogene to Recent ecosystems in reefless volcanic oceanic islands.

In 2019 we published a theory in Biological Reviews that explains the marine global (palaeo)biogeographic patterns and processes on volcanic oceanic islands – the Sea Level Sensitive (SLS) dynamic model of marine island biogeography.

I completed the supervision of 1 MSc student and 3 PhD students. Currently, I have 3 PhD students. I participated in 28 major scientific expeditions in the Azores , Madeira and Cabo Verde archipelagos.

Outreach is an important item in MPB. We produced over 20 TV documentaries related with our research. I am the author of 7 books related with the natural history of the Azores and the palaeontological heritage of Santa Maria Island.

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Galindo, I., Johnson, M.E., Martin-Gonzalez, E., Romero, C., Vegas, J., Melo, C.S., et al. (2021). Late Pleistocene Boulder Slumps Eroded from a Basalt Shoreline at El Confital Beach on Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain), 9.
Hyžný, M., Melo, C.S., Ramalho, R.S., Cordeiro, R., Madeira, P., Baptista, L., et al. (2021). Pliocene and late Pleistocene (MIS 5e) decapod crustaceans from Santa Maria Island (Azores Archipelago: Central Atlantic): systematics, palaeoecology and palaeobiogeography, 36, 91-109, .
David, A., Uchman, A., Ramalho, R.S., Madeira, J., Melo, C.S., Madeira, P., et al. (2021). Diverse bioerosion structures in lower Pliocene deposits from a volcanic oceanic island: Baia de Nossa Senhora section, Santa Maria Island, Azores (central North Atlantic), 569.
Baptista, L., Santos, A.M., Melo, C.S., Rebelo, A.C., Madeira, P., Cordeiro, R., et al. (2021). Untangling the origin of the newcomer Phorcus sauciatus (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in a remote Atlantic archipelago, 168.
Baptista, L., Meimberg, H., Avila, S.P., Santos, A.M. & Curto, M. (2021). Dispersal ability, habitat characteristics, and sea-surface circulation shape population structure of Cingula trifasciata (Gastropoda: Rissoidae) in the remote Azores Archipelago, 21.